Alternatives Substrates for the Production of Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster Mushroom)

Elizabeth Angeli Portillo1, Leonila Rose Benigno1, Ma. Sophia Buenaobra1 and Catherine Joy Mediodia1
1Philippine Science High School Western Visayas Campus – Bito-on, Jaro, Iloilo City 5000, Department of Science and Technology, Philippines


Abstract
This study aims to use agricultural wastes rice stalk, bran and husk as alternative substrates for Pleurotus ostreatus. The study was done at Western Visayas Integrated Agricultural Research Center, in ratios of 50:50 and 100:0, wastes to sawdust respectively. After harvest, the masses were weighed, the caps counted, and the biological efficiency was measured. Rice stalk treatments had the highest biological efficiency while rice bran and hull treatments did not produce any caps for the first flush. The dry mass post hoc results showed significant difference amongst all substrates, proving that rice stalk treatments have the highest biological efficiency and are most compatible with P. ostreatus.